Menopause will impact woman's partner. Agueda Hernández, Medical doctor at Baptist Health Primary Care, says as women go through menopause there can be changes in their sexual functioning, for example. For menopausal women sex can become painful due to dryness, so it is important that their spouses are aware and they have open communication.
Estrogen replacement is an option for those women with menopause. Agueda Hernández, Medical doctor at Baptist Health Primary Care, says this long-term replacement can come with its risks, so doctors try to treat the patient with the lowest dose for a short a time as possible. She also highlights treatment for menopause is an individual choice. It is not required, but if women are having a decrease in their quality of life, they can ask for treatment, unless they have contraindications. Estrogen replacement is connected to cancer risk. It is not the best option for women who have had breast cancer, for example.
Menopause is a natural biological process in women, it is important to know it is not an illness. Agueda Hernández, Medical doctor at Baptist Health Primary Care, says menopause marks the end of a woman's fertility. "Women are born with a set number of eggs that are depleted over the course of their lives", explains Hernández. This process occurs gradually, women go into menopause at 51, in most cases. Some of the symptoms are change in period, trouble getting a good night sleep and mood changes, among others.
Low bone density can place a person at risk of suffering from osteoporosis. Agueda Hernández, Medical doctor at Baptist Health Primary Care, defines the illness as thinning of the bone. "After menopause, bone loss accelerates greatly", she says. Some steps to improve bone health are the following: calcium and vitamin D, weight bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises, and to take an osteoporosis medication.
There are some steps to improve bone health, such as not smoking, not drinking too much alcohol, talking to your doctor and taking an osteoporosis medication. Agueda Hernández, Medical doctor at Baptist Health Primary Care, says taking calcium is necessary for building bone and vitamin D helps to absorb that calcium. She also recommends women avoiding excessive sun exposure and practicing some physical activity, like resistance training to keep their muscles strong.