Dr. Bernardo Lopez-Sanabria, Interventional Cardiologist at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, says there are no many medications to treat heart valve disease. "Aspirin is being used for the treatment of coronary artery disease or obstruction in the arteries of the heart, and it is also being used for stroke prevention and many," he says. Dr. Ramon Quesada, Structural Heart and Complex PCI Programs at the same institution, highlights that now they can use less invasive technologies to improve the quality of life of the patient.
Dr. Bernardo Lopez-Sanabria, Interventional Cardiologist at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, explains the valves separate different chambers in the heart. He also says there are four valves in the heart, the left-sided chamber valves, which are the mitral and the aortic valve and the right-sided chamber valves, which are the tricuspid and the pulmonic valves. According to him, the most common diseases are stenosis of the valve and insufficiency of the valve.
Some of the symptoms of valve heart disease are chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, swelling of the ankles, feet or abdomen, weakness or dizziness and quick weight gain. Dr. Ramon Quesada, Structural Heart and Complex PCI Programs at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, says most of the time those symptoms occur when the disease is advanced, so the most challenging thing is to detect it in early stages to set a treatment that will improve patients' outcome.
Older age, history of infections affecting the heart, history of heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and congenital heart disease are some of the risk factors that you have to be aware of, because they can lead to valve heart disease. Concerning interventions, Dr. Ramon Quesada, Structural Heart and Complex PCI Programs at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, says any surgical procedure has possible complications, but with the use of less invasive procedures the chance of having complications is reduced.
According to Dr. Ramon Quesada, Structural Heart and Complex PCI Programs at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, there are multiple ways of diagnosing valve disease. "The most important thing is history. Patients have history of diseases that are inflammatory when they were children, like rheumatic heart disease, so when they become adults they potentially will have valve disease," he says. The possible diagnostic tests are echocardiography, electrocardiogram (ECG), chest X-ray, cardiac MRI, exercise tests or stress test and cardiac catheterization.