Menopause is a year time frame. It's the year when women's ovary stopped producing enough estrogen to create a menstrual cycle. Dr. Debra Kenward, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, describes the three stages of menopause: Perimenopause, Period stops and Postmenopause. She says perimenopause is one of the most problematic times for women.
Menopause is the time of no menstrual periods for a whole year. When that time goes by and physicians have measured woman's hormone levels, they can say she went through menopause. Everything after that is postmenopause. Family support is very important when menopause arrives, affirms Dr. Debra Kenward, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida. She also recommends educating both patient and her family so no one suffers because of menopause.
Women who think theyâ€™re pregnant, have problems with vaginal bleeding, have had certain kinds of cancers, have had a stroke or heart attacks, have had blood clots or have liver disease should not take hormone therapy. Dr. Debra Kenward, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, considers the treatment should be individualized and discussed with the physician. Transdermal estrogen has more benefits compared to oral treatments, she affirms.
Hot flashes come from the hypothalamus and It's a rising of heat and women feel flushed, her face may turn red and they may start to bead with sweat, says Dr. Debra Kenward, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida. There are others symptoms of menopause like mood changes, fatigue, stress tiredness and vaginal dryness and itching. She advises looking at other things, because there are crossovers and different disease processes that can make women gain weight, decrease their sexual function, depression, sleep disturbances and thyroids problems.
Hormone replacement therapy is very safe and, in a short-term use, minimal risk of cancer or other complications. Dr. Debra Kenward, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, says treatment has several benefits such as: preventing bone loss, cardiovascular protection if started early, helping skin, good for genitourinary organs, helping brain function, less colon cancers and less type 2 diabetes. The specialist also describes the treatment can help with sleep problems, hair, skin and sexual function.