Thyroid basically regulates metabolism. When it doesnâ€™t work properly, it could cause problems. Dr. George Tershakovec, General Surgeon with Homestead Hospital, explains thyroid gland communicates with the pituitary gland. It reads levels of hormones and particularly from the thyroid, especially how the hormone is active in the bloodstream.
Although the thyroid cancer is most common in women, men do have it as well. Radiation exposure is the main cause of thyroid cancer, affirms Dr. George Tershakovec, General Surgeon with Homestead Hospital. He also says, surgery treatment is the best choice for patients who have the condition. After that, the oncologist determines if it is necessary another complementary treatment, like radioactive iodine.
One in eight women develops thyroid problems in their lifetime, because they are more vulnerable to be at risk for autoimmune diseases. The thyroid is one of the target organs of autoimmunity. Dr. George Tershakovec, General Surgeon with Homestead Hospital, says other conditions like lupus, scleroderma, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes are risks factors for autoimmunity and therefore thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid problems can cause irregular menses, problems to conceive, fetus abnormalities and carrying a pregnancy to full term. Women who have an issue of infertility will be tested for thyroid function or dysfunction.