Ian del Conde, Cardiovascular Specialist at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, says type 1 diabetes is a condition where there's decreased production of insulin because there's damage to the pancreas, so they will need insulin. And type 2 diabetes is different. According to Del Conde, people with this type of diabetes produce insulin, but they have insulin resistance, so the insulin is not doing what is meant to be doing due to several factors. Older people who are typically overweight tend to suffer from type 2 diabetes, which is the most common disease.
Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the U.S, and diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the country. Ian del Conde, Cardiovascular Specialist at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, explains diabetes is a very common chronic condition in the population. He says our daily actions can have a huge impact on our diabetes control. About pregnancy, he tells pregnant women are at risk of developing gestational diabetes. Excess weight is one of the key factors to have diabetes because we have impaired sugar management in our body and that is what leads to diabetes.
High blood pressure is very common and it is genetically determined. Ian del Conde, Cardiovascular Specialist at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, explains humans have genes that make them retain salt, because years and years ago people who were able to retain salt tended to do better. The problem is that this is not beneficial nowadays. "High blood pressure affects many different organs and systems in our body, including the brain", he points out.
Ian del Conde, Cardiovascular Specialist at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute says the most common symptom of a heart attack will be some discomfort in the chest. "I don't like to say chest pain because pain has a very specific meaning or connotation, but it could be heaviness, pressure, in the chest area", he points out. Other signs of having a heart attack are sweating, nausea, lightheadedness and profound fatigue.
A study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests there are long term effects with binge drinking and heavy alcohol consumption related to high blood pressure. Ian del Conde, Cardiovascular Specialist at Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, says binge drinking is bad not only for the liver, which is probably the organ that is best known to be affected by alcohol but also by blood pressure. "You can actually have a very high blood pressure on a Saturday morning if you were binge drinking on Friday, so that's something we should really avoid", he explains.