Dr. Jason James, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, explains an epidural is a regional block. "The anesthesiologist or nurse is putting a needle in the spinal canal and infusing some anesthetic and pain medication in that area that is going to numb the lower part of the body." He also says it won't make you paralyzed, but it takes away the sharp pain to ease the process of the contractions so you can feel more comfortable.
Dr. Jason James, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, explains when you have a baby there are two options: vaginal delivery or cesarean section, which is an operative form of delivery by removing the baby through the abdomen. He also says the early signs that labor es nearing are feeling a lot of pressure in the pelvis, and feeling contractions, which are tightening of the abdominal muscles around the uterus.
Infection, postpartum hemorrhage, reactions to anesthesia, blood clots, wound infection, surgical injury, and increased risks during future pregnancies are some of the C-Section risks for a mother. Dr. Jason James, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, explains they give prophylactic antibiotics, but the risk of infection is higher than vaginal deliveries.
Dr. Jason James, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, explains a true emergency is when you have significant bleeding or something unusual like umbilical cord prolapse, where you break your water and the umbilical cord comes out before the baby. He also says anytime in the third trimester or earlier you can have contractions that are not necessarily labor and they can happen throughout the third trimester and they are practice contractions. They do not get stronger or more frequent.
Dr. Jason James, Obstetrician and Gynecologist with Baptist Health South Florida, says cesarean section is a surgical procedure where the doctor makes an incision usually in the lower abdomen and once they go through the different layers, they get to the uterus and make an incision in the uterus. Once the incision is made, assuming the baby is headfirst, you are delivering the baby's head. "Once the baby is out, you have to do everything in reverse, so you are going to repair the uterine incision followed by the different layers and repair the abdominal incision where we use sutures most often."