There are six different types of hernia and Dr. Michael Gonzalez Ramos, General Surgeon with Baptist Health South Florida, explains each one. Inguinal hernia, femoral hernia, umbilical hernia, incisional hernia, epigastric hernia and hiatal hernia. Dr. Gonzalez explains with a digital graphic how all of those hernias happen.
The most common symptoms of hernias are pain and discomfort. They can be excessively aided by physical activity or by heavy lifting. Dr. Michael Gonzalez Ramos, General Surgeon with Baptist Health South Florida, says when patients go into the ER, they come in with unbearable pain, very sick or with intestinal obstructions, depending on the type of hernia.
Dr. Michael Gonzalez Ramos, General Surgeon with Baptist Health South Florida, advises not smoking, maintaining a healthy body weight, avoiding straining during bowel movements or urination, lifting objects with your knees and not your back, avoiding lifting weights. After a surgery, Dr. Gonzalez recommends staying more active, not smoking and trying to sleep better. If it is a hiatal hernia, he advises moderating spicy food, coffee or any soda.
Dr. Michael Gonzalez Ramos, General Surgeon with Baptist Health South Florida, explains with a graphic how a hiatal hernia is caused and how it looks like. He explains this type of hernia is more complicated because it canâ€™t usually be seen on the outside. It occurs in the diaphragm. Hiatal hernia is very painful, patients get chest pain, reflux and heartburn. This hernia affects quality of life and patients should be referred to a surgeon for evaluation.
Hernias are just holes or defects and they occur in many different places of the body most common areas. People can usually get them in the abdominal wall, the diaphragm and the groin, among others. Dr. Michael Gonzalez Ramos, General Surgeon with Baptist Health South Florida, also says the reason why they occur is because of increased pressure in the abdomen. He adds about 25% of males, at some point of their lives, will have a hernia. The incidents in females are a little lower about 2 to 3 %.