A nodule is an abnormal growth. It doesnâ€™t mean It's a cancer, affirms Dr. Robert Udelsman, Chief of Endocrine Surgery with Miami Cancer Institute. In cases of thyroid, the specialist says most thyroid nodules are not a big deal and he explains it with a digital imaging, and adds 1 in 15 women in America have thyroid nodules. The majority of those nodules are benign and small and don't cause any trouble at all. Iodine deficiency, overgrowth of thyroid tissue, thyroid cyst, thyroiditis and multinodular goiter can cause a thyroid nodules, Dr. Udelsman explains.
A thyroid is an essential organ sitting in the neck and produces two kinds of thyroid hormone, t3 and t4, affecting every aspect of the body, such as growth, development and protein synthesis, explains Dr. Robert Udelsman, Chief of Endocrine Surgery with Miami Cancer Institute. He explains with a graphic how the gland works and how the neck connects the whole body functions.
Besides surgery there are other treatment options for thyroid cancer, such as radioactive iodine treatment, thyroid hormone therapy, external beam radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Dr. Robert Udelsman, Chief of Endocrine Surgery with Miami Cancer Institute, explains surgery is not use only in cases of thyroid cancer. It is also used in cases of benign conditions, like Graves disease, benign thyroid nodules and ferrets cysts.
Dr. Robert Udelsman, Chief of Endocrine Surgery with Miami Cancer Institute, affirms in the U.S. there are 54 thousands of new cases of thyroid cancer per year. He also adds thyroid cancer isnâ€™t common cancer, but in women it is the fifth most common cancer. Its incidence is increased dramatically not only in the U.S but worldwide. The specialist says the death rate from thyroid cancer is absolutely flat.
In the thyroid gland there are a right lobe, a left lobe and a central portion called the isthmus, describes Dr. Robert Udelsman, Chief of Endocrine Surgery with Miami Cancer Institute, who affirms people can live fine with a half of the thyroid. The parathyroid gland produces a parathyroid hormone that goes into the blood it circulates and it binds to receptors and it affects the calcium metabolism of the body.