Dr. Yazmin Odia, Lead Physician of Medical Neurologic Oncology with Miami Cancer Institute, explains about half of all the brain tumors they treat are benign. If they remove the tumors, they have a 90% chance of being alive and well within five years. About the other half, she says in adults only 5% to 10% of patients are alive five years out from a malignant cancer, and in children, 20% might be alive at five years out.
Age, radiation exposure, inherited syndromes, family history, and weak immune system [FALTA INFORMACIÃ“N]. Dr. Yazmin Odia, Lead Physician of Medical Neurologic Oncology with Miami Cancer Institute, says if it is metastatic cancer, the risk factor is the one for the original, for example, for lung cancer it would be smoking, and for breast cancer it might be a certain hormonal factors. She also explains most primary brain cancers have no cause, except in very rare cases. "For example, patients who were exposed to Chernobyl, or other nuclear accidents, are actually at higher risk of developing malignant primary brain tumors."
Blood-brain barrier, surgery, tumor diversity, and tumor resistance are some of the challenges in treating brain tumors. Dr. Yazmin Odia, Lead Physician of Medical Neurologic Oncology with Miami Cancer Institute, explains the biggest issue is that the brain is a protected structure. "You can't simply remove large portions of the brain without causing great harm. The challenges arise from the fact that the brain is a specialized structure, and the complexity of the tumors themselves."
Headaches, balance problems, seizures, nausea, vomiting, vision or hearing problems, weakness in arm or leg, speech problems, and personality changes are some of the symptoms of brain cancer. Dr. Yazmin Odia, Lead Physician of Medical Neurologic Oncology with Miami Cancer Institute, says for brain cancers stages are not as relevant for primary tumors, but they are aggressive by nature and they can't be cured by surgery. "Unfortunately, brain cancer patients tend to have the worst outcomes."
Dr. Yazmin Odia, Lead Physician of Medical Neurologic Oncology with Miami Cancer Institute, explains a neuro-oncologist takes care of patients who have cancers or tumors involving the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. She points out meninges are the covering that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord. "They serve as a protective barrier between the brain and the surrounding bone structure, such as the skull and the spine." About brain cancer, she highlights there are about 170,000 people suffering from brain cancer per year, and about 70,000 new cases diagnosed yearly. It only makes up 1.4% of all cancers diagnosed yearly.