According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, most children aged 4 and older should be having swimming lessons, because they can reduce drowning risks. Dr. Zulma Berrios, Chief Medical Officer at West Kendall Baptist Hospital, also says swimming lesson is not a drowning proof event.
Making a quick assessment and asking for help from people around the emergency are the first steps that should be followed when a child is in danger of drowning. Dr. Zulma Berrios, medical director of West Kendall Baptist Hospital, says that they emphasize on orientation classes that the people use the phone if they are going to be next to the water.
Vigilance is the key to preventing drowning. Being aware, being visual all the time is the first layer, affirms Dr. Zulma Berrios, Chief Medical Officer at West Kendall Baptist Hospital. The second layer, according to the specialist, is to put any barriers that will prevent a child from getting access to water. Swimming lessons are the third layer. “Layers decrease the drowning risks," she says. If drowning happens, the doctor recommends responding immediately with CPR and she also describes what drowning risks by age group are.
The increase in interventions by bystanders has helped to rise the number of surviving children in case of drowning. Dr. Zulma Berrios, Chief Medical Officer at West Kendall Baptist Hospital, explains bystanders will be anybody that can notice that someone is having trouble and can help him. She also says the evidence has demonstrated that doctors could dramatically improve the survival rates by bystander intervention and initiation of CPR and rescue press. Also, they diminish any long-term sequelae for the victims when they survive.
CPR technique is similar in both children and adults, says Dr. Zulma Berrios, Chief Medical Officer at West Kendall Baptist Hospital. In the case of little kids, explains the specialist, two fingers can be used and in bigger kids one or the two hands can be used. The important things are pushing the blood out of the heart and continuing with the circulation. Meric Tendrich, co-owner Little Swimmers, also says CPR can be used in other cases, such as heart attack.