According to statistics, colon and rectal cancer are expected to kill more than 50.000 people this year. The large intestine is made up of colon and the rectum. The rectum begins when the colon ends, explains Dr. Omar Llaguna, Oncologic Surgeon with Miami Cancer Institute.
There are several screening tests for diagnosing those illnesses, but the expert says the stool study is the first one. He describes if the stool looks normal, but there is a microscopy evidence of stool with a blood within the stool the next step is to look for the source of bleeding.
Also there are other screening tests such as sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy and virtual colonoscopy, the specialist explains.